Interact with Contract
In Conflux world you may often need to interact with contracts, with JS SDK this can be done very easy.

How to deploy a contract

One contract must be created before interacting with it. To create a contract you can develop it with solidity. Then compile it with solidity compiler or cfxtruffle, you will get bytecode and abi. With bytecode, abi you can deploy it by send a transaction.
const { Conflux } = require('js-conflux-sdk');
const { abi, bytecode } = MINI_ERC20; // see https://github.com/Conflux-Chain/js-conflux-sdk/tree/master/example/contract/miniERC20.json
const PRIVATE_KEY = '0x0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef'; // sender private key
async function main() {
const conflux = new Conflux({
url: 'https://test.confluxrpc.com',
networkId: 1,
});
const account = conflux.wallet.addPrivateKey(PRIVATE_KEY);
// 1. initialize a contract with abi and bytecode
const contract = conflux.Contract({ abi, bytecode });
// 2. specify constructor's parameter, if constructor need no parameter leave it empty
const receipt = await contract.constructor('MiniERC20', 18, 'MC', 10000)
// 3. send transaction to deploy the contract, you can specify any transaction parameter here
.sendTransaction({ from: account })
.executed();
console.log(receipt);
// 4. If your transaction executed successfully then you have deploy a new contract
// 5. The receipt.contractCreated is the address of the new deployed contract
/*
{
"index": 0,
"epochNumber": 318456,
"outcomeStatus": 0,
"gasUsed": 1054531n,
"gasFee": 1054531000000000n,
"blockHash": "0x4a8b07e2694e358af075f7a9e96e78842b77ac2d511e2ab33f6acfff34a5846c",
"contractCreated": "CFXTEST:TYPE.CONTRACT:ACFK2K2SDMP6A1FKB52TAAENV7WEKX24W6KKF7RF0E",
"from": "cfxtest:aar7x4r8mkrnw39ggs8rz40j1znwh5mrrpufpr2u76",
"logs": [],
"logsBloom": "0x00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"stateRoot": "0x0940d4870e25bae1e7a5e5d7c19411b41922c025aa3de61aea2be17759673b1a",
"to": null,
"transactionHash": "0x6f55e67b486b5ef0c658c6d50cb5b89a2a2ddfecc1a1f2e414bbbefe36ef8dd5"
}
*/
// created contract address: "CFXTEST:TYPE.CONTRACT:ACFK2K2SDMP6A1FKB52TAAENV7WEKX24W6KKF7RF0E"
}
main().catch(console.log);
Check the transaction you will find the tx data is the contract bytecode and constructor's encoded signature.

How to get and update contract's state

After you got the contract address, you can interact with it. The Conflux network makes a distinction between writing data to the network and reading data from it, and this distinction plays a significant part in how you write your application, and this behavior is very like Ethereum network. In general, writing data is called a transaction whereas reading data is called a call. Transactions and calls are treated very differently, and have the following characteristics.
const { Conflux } = require('js-conflux-sdk');
const { abi } = MINI_ERC20;
async function main() {
const conflux = new Conflux({
url: 'https://test.confluxrpc.com',
networkId: 1,
});
const account = conflux.wallet.addPrivateKey(PRIVATE_KEY);
// 1. initialize contract with abi and address
const contract = conflux.Contract({ abi, address: 'cfxtest:acfk2k2sdmp6a1fkb52taaenv7wekx24w6kkf7rf0e' });
// 2. call method to get contract state
const name = await contract.name();
console.log(name); // MiniERC20
// 3. user can set options by `contract.name().call({ from: account, ... })`
// 4. call method with arguments
const balance = await contract.balanceOf(account.address);
console.log(balance); // 10000n
// 5. change contract state by send a transaction
const transactionHash = await contract.transfer(ADDRESS, 10).sendTransaction({ from: account });
console.log(transactionHash); // 0xb31eb095b62bed1ef6fee6b7b4ee43d4127e4b42411e95f761b1fdab89780f1a
// 6. estimate contract method gas and storage
const estimated = await contract.transfer(ADDRESS, 10).estimateGasAndCollateral({from: account}, epochNumber);
// 7. get contract method data
const transferMethodData = contract.transfer(ADDRESS, 10).data;
}
main();

How to play with InternalContract

Conflux network has provide Internal Contracts AdminControl, SponsorWhitelistControl, Staking, these internal contract are very helpful to contract developer, for detail documentation check official doc. This SDK have fully support for Internal Contract, you can use them like this.
const { Conflux } = require('js-conflux-sdk');
async function main() {
const conflux = new Conflux({
url: 'https://test.confluxrpc.com',
networkId: 1,
});
// 1. get internal contract through InternalContract method and pass the internal contract name
const sponsor = conflux.InternalContract('SponsorWhitelistControl');
const gasSponsor = await sponsor.getSponsorForGas('cfxtest:acg6rb7s9h1be63zjrhbyc5mc4w3jhk5p6eempe9hk');
}
main();
Available internal contracts:
  • AdminControl
  • SponsorWhitelistControl
  • Staking
  • ConfluxContext
  • PoSRegister

How to get log

Get log through tranction receipt

If an transaction emit some logs, you can find them in transaction receipt's logs field. Which is an log array, each log will have three fields:
  • address
  • data
  • topics
let receipt = await conflux.cfx.getTransactionReceipt('0x24017dac1fb595a57196d8f6b05cd8b06292dcf14e7c594eac41daeeaa374ed0');
console.log(receipt.logs);
/*
[
{
"address": "CFX:TYPE.CONTRACT:ACA13SUYK7MBGXW9Y3WBJN9VD136SWU6S21TG67XMB",
"data": "0x000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000de0b6b3a764000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000060000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000008000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
"topics": [
"0x06b541ddaa720db2b10a4d0cdac39b8d360425fc073085fac19bc82614677987",
"0x00000000000000000000000080ae6a88ce3351e9f729e8199f2871ba786ad7c5",
"0x0000000000000000000000001dc05200485776b79f195a1e617dbccb6826f1c4",
"0x0000000000000000000000008dfa3b664cd6a62bc30f31a9f167f68806ef3488"
]
}
]
*/

Get log with cfx_getLogs method

Also there is an RPC cfx_getLogs to get logs. An filter object is need to invoke this method.
let logs = await conflux.cfx.getLogs({
fromEpoch: 100,
toEpoch: 200,
address: 'cfx:type.contract:acc7uawf5ubtnmezvhu9dhc6sghea0403y2dgpyfjp',
limit: 100
});
/*
[
{
epochNumber: 39802,
logIndex: 2,
transactionIndex: 0,
transactionLogIndex: 2,
address: 'CFXTEST:TYPE.CONTRACT:ACHC8NXJ7R451C223M18W2DWJNMHKD6RXA2GC31EUW',
blockHash: '0xca00158a2a508170278d5bdc5ca258b6698306dd8c30fdba32266222c79e57e6',
data: '0x',
topics: [
'0x2f8788117e7eff1d82e926ec794901d17c78024a50270940304540a733656f0d',
'0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000',
'0x0000000000000000000000001c1e72f0c37968557b3d85a3f32747792798bbde',
'0x0000000000000000000000001c1e72f0c37968557b3d85a3f32747792798bbde'
],
transactionHash: '0xeb75f47002720311f1709e36d7f7e9a91ee4aaa469a1de892839cb1ef66a9939'
}
]
*/
How to build the filter topics
// initialize a contract instance with abi and address
let fc = cfx.Contract({
abi: CRC20_ABI,
});
// This example will use ERC20's "Transfer" event as example
// Get event signature
console.log('Event signature: ', fc.Transfer.signature);
// Get event topics by invoke encodeTopics method with parameters as array
console.log(fc.Transfer.encodeTopics([account.address, targetAddress, 100]));
// Get an event's log filter, which can be used as
console.log(fc.Transfer(account.address, targetAddress, 100));
// Get "Transfer" logs
let logs = await fc.Transfer(account.address, targetAddress, 100).getLogs();
// Subscribe to "Transfer" logs
let sub = await fc.Transfer(account.address, targetAddress, 100).subscribeLogs();
sub.on('data', console.log);

Subscribe logs with websocket

With websocket's advantage, logs can be subscribed:
let logFilter = {
address: token_address,
// other filter options
};
let subers = cfx.subscribeLogs(logs);
subers.on("data", console.log);

How to decode log

With contract's abi, you can decode the event log data:
const abi = [
// your contract ABI
];
let contract = cfx.Contract({abi});
let decoded = contract.abi.decodeLog(log);
console.log(decoded);

MISC

BigNumber

Note: when interacting with contract and if your parameter is bigger than Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER, you should use string represention of the number or BigInt.
// use string
await contract.deposit('90071992547409910').sendTransaction({from: 'cfxtest:aar7x4r8mkrnw39ggs8rz40j1znwh5mrrpufpr2u76'});
// or use hex string
await contract.deposit('0x13ffffffffffff0').sendTransaction({from: 'cfxtest:aar7x4r8mkrnw39ggs8rz40j1znwh5mrrpufpr2u76'});
// not use number
// await contract.deposit(Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER * 10);

MethodOverride

If there are several methods that have same name in one contract. In most situation SDK can choose the right method through arguments. But sometimes you will encounter with error Error: can not match override "xxxx" with args for example Error: can not match override "placeBid(uint256,address)|placeBid(uint256)" with args, this is because SDK can not determine invoke which method through args.
For this situation user can invoke method through whole method signature
await contract['placeBid(uint256,address)'])(123, 'cfxtest:aar7x4r8mkrnw39ggs8rz40j1znwh5mrrpufpr2u76');
// or
await contract['placeBid(uint256)'](123);
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On this page
How to deploy a contract
How to get and update contract's state
How to play with InternalContract
How to get log
Get log through tranction receipt
Get log with cfx_getLogs method
Subscribe logs with websocket
How to decode log
MISC
BigNumber
MethodOverride